With an estimated 6.5 billion pieces of personal information of Chinese citizens leaked in 2016, personal information leakage is now seen as a serious problem. To tackle the issue, according to the Ministry of Public Security (MPS), China is planning to embed personal identity information into SIM cards to better protect citizens' private information.
An electronic identification ("eID") is an electronic identification solution of citizens or organizations, for example to access benefits or services provided by government authorities, banks or other companies. Apart from online authentication many eID's also give users the option to sign electronic documents with a digital signature.
Countries which currently have government-issued eIDs include Belgium, Bulgaria, Chile, Guatemala, Germany, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Mexico, Morocco, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Spain, Slovakia, Malta, and Mauritius.
Users will no longer need to provide personal information when making transactions with SIM eIDs, such as their names, address or phone number as online platforms will be able to verify the authenticity and validity of the eID.
Eid's are to be introduced to a real estate registration program in October in Haikou, capital city Hainan province.