One Belt One Road: UlaanBaatar

Ulaanbaatar (literally "Red Hero") is the capital and the largest city of Mongolia. A federal municipality, the city is not part of any province, and its population as of 2014 was over 1.3 million. Located in north central Mongolia, the city lies at an elevation of about 1,310 metres (4,300 ft) in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the cultural, industrial, and financial heart of the country.
It is the centre of Mongolia's road network, and is connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system. Ulaanbaatar experiences an arid continental climate which features brief, warm summers and long, bitterly cold and dry winters. Well-known as a sunny, peaceful and open city, Ulaanbaatar is a city of contrasts where modern life comfortably blends with Mongolian traditional lifestyle.
Chinggis Square, in the government district, is the center of Ulaanbaatar. The square is 31,068 square meters in size. In the middle of Sükhbaatar Square, there is a statue of Damdin Sükhbaatar on horseback. The spot was chosen because that was where Sükhbaatar's horse had urinated (a good omen) on July 8, 1921 during a gathering of the Red Army. On the north side of Sükhbaatar Square is the Mongolian Parliament building, featuring a large statue of Chinggis Khan at the top of the front steps. Peace Avenue (Enkh Taivny Urgon Chuloo), the main thoroughfare through town, runs along the south side of the square.
 Old Ikh Khüree, once the city was set up as a permanent capital, had a number of palaces and noble residences in an area.The only palace that remains is the winter palace; the Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan remains as a museum of the last monarch. The complex includes six temples, many of the Bogd Khan's and his wife's possessions are on display in the main building.
Ulaanbaatar has several museums dedicated to Mongolian history and culture. The Natural History Museum features many dinosaur fossils and meteorites found in Mongolia. The Zanabazar Museum of Fine Arts contains a large collection of Mongolian art, including works of the 17th century sculptor/artist Zanabazar, as well as Mongolia's most famous painting, One Day in Mongolia by B. Sharav.



Faxian( 334-420) was a famous monk and an outstanding Buddhism innovator in the Eastern Jin Dynasty who was the first one to go on an overseas pilgrimage for Buddhist scriptures and became the excellent traveler and translator in history.
Buddhism is one of the three major religions in the world. Till the Wei & Jin Dynasty, Buddhism has gained a great development. E.g. various Schools of Buddhism spread to China, lots of Buddhist classics were translated and many temples were built with more and more Buddhism believers. In West Jin Dynasty, there were 180 temples and 3700 monks all over the country. Faxian just lived in the unprecedented historical period for the Buddhism development,
In 399, Faxian had started from Chang’an city in his 60s with 11 companions,

experienced all kinds of hardships and perils on the way and arrived in Siri-Lanka in 410. He brought many Buddhism scriptures to China by sea in 412. At present, the famous Travels of Faxian is the important material to study the history, geography, customs and Buddhism in ancient central and south Asia.

"Journey to the Buddhist Land" is a complete book recording the culture and customs of Southwest Asia countries including India, Sri-Lanka, Indonesia. It filled the blank of the local historic documents. This book also gave detailed description on Buddhist relics of India and the lives of local monks. Therefore, later Buddhism disciples use it as a textbook for academic studies. Besides, "Journey to the Buddhist Land" is also a masterpiece in the studies of South China Sea Maritime Transportation.

Edited By Wang Huilin,Zhou Zhonghui/Modified by  Glyn David